Lexington School District Four
Students with Special Health-Care Needs
Many health-care services can be provided for students to keep them at school where they can learn and participate with other students. Our goal is to provide information to parents and legal guardians about some of the services and programs available for addressing the health-care needs of students during the school day to help students succeed in school. It is important that the necessary health-care information is shared with the appropriate people—such as teachers on duty during recess, bus drivers, and cafeteria employees—to make sure that students’ needs are met throughout the school day.
Individual Health-Care Plans or Individual Health Plans (IHPs)
Individual health-care plans are also called individual health plans or IHPs. School nurses who are registered nurses write IHPs to guide how a student’s health-care needs will be met while at school. The nurse works with the students, the student’s parents or legal guardians, the student’s health-care provider, and other school staff to write the plan. IHPs are written for students who have special health-care needs that must be met by school staff during the school day. IHPs are also written for students who have been approved by the school district to self-medicate or self-monitor. To learn more about IHPs, talk with your child’s school nurse.
Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 (Section 504)
Section 504 is a federal law that requires public schools to make adjustments so that students with certain disabilities can learn and participate in settings like other students who do not have disabilities. To be eligible for services under Section 504, a student must have a condition that substantially limits one or more major life activities. A team decides if a student is eligible. The team should include the student’s parent or legal guardian, the student (if able), and others who know the student or know about the student’s disability, such as a teacher, a guidance counselor, a school nurse, and other school staff. If the student is eligible, the team develops an individual accommodation plan. The individual accommodation plan explains how the student’s needs will be met while at school and may include health services for the student during the school day, if needed. To learn more about Section 504, contact the director of special services, 803-490-7000.
Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA)
Students, ages 3 through 21 years, may receive services under the IDEA if the student needs special education or related services to benefit from his or her educational program. A team decides if a student qualifies for services under the IDEA. The team includes the student’s parent or legal guardian, teachers, and other school staff. The team develops an individualized education program (IEP) if the student meets federal and state requirements. The IEP outlines a plan for helping the student receive a free appropriate public education and meet goals set by the team. The IEP may include health services for the student during the school day, if needed. Contact the director of special services, 803-490-7000, to learn more about IDEA.
Medical Homebound Instruction
Medical homebound instruction is a service that is available for students who cannot attend school for a medical reason even with the aid of transportation. A physician must certify that the student has such a medical condition but may benefit from instruction, and must fill out the medical homebound form that the school district provides. The school district then decides whether to approve the student for medical homebound services. The school district will consider the severity of the student’s illness or injury, the length of time that the student will be out of school, the impact that a long period away from school will have on the student’s academic success, and whether the student’s health needs can be met at school. To learn more about medical homebound services, contact the director of special services, 803-490-7000.